Your back is a complex structure of bones, muscles, and other tissues extending from your neck to your pelvis. Back injuries can result from sports injuries, work around the house and garden, or a rapid jolt including a car accident. The lower back is the most common site of back injuries and back pain. Typical back injuries include:

  • Sprains and strains

  • Herniated disks

  • Fractured vertebrae

Such injuries can cause pain and reduce your movement. Treatments vary but may include medicines, icing, bed rest, physical therapy or surgery. You might be able to prevent some back injuries by maintaining a well-balanced weight, lifting objects with the legs and making use of lower-back support when you sit.

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Types of Back Injury

Two main types of back injury include:
  • Spondylolisthesis

    This is a shifting of vertebra that occurs, in most cases, at the base of the spine. Spondylolysis, which is a defect or facture of one or both wing-shaped parts of a vertebra, can result in vertebrae slipping backward, forward, or over a bone below.

  • Radiculopathy

    Radiculopathy is the damages or disruption of nerve function that rises in case one of the nerve roots near the vertebrae is compressed. Damages to nerve roots are able to cause pain and the loss of sensation in different extremities, depending on where the weakened roots are located.

Following your accident, you may have experienced severe, tolerable, or no pain at all. Remarkably, most auto injuries are hidden and seldom found for months, or even years. Often, the initial pain level off, only to come back full-blown later. Soft tissue injuries (damages to muscles, ligaments, and discs) caused by auto accidents can be very deceiving. Soft tissue injuries improve with scar tissue and don’t always cause pain immediately, but the damage done to your spine can lead to the following problems

  • Recurring headaches

  • Neck pain and rigidity

  • Feeling numb, tingling, or pain in the arms or hands

  • Persistent muscle tension and spasm

  • Low back pain

  • Spinal disc degeneration

  • Painful, inflamed arthritis

  • Aching, tight, inflexible muscles

  • Reduced athletic ability

  • Higher chance of re-injury

  • Poor postur

The amount of damage to the car or truck bears little relation to the force applied to the cervical spine (neck) of the occupants.

Whenever you injure yourself, your body will compensate for the injured area by trying to guard it. This puts strain on other parts of your body to help stabilize your spine and keep you upright as much as possible. This stress is the tensing of the muscles, tendons, and ligaments counterpart the injured area, which pulls the joints of the spine out of alignment and puts painful pressure on the nerves in your back and neck.

If not treated properly, this frequently causes a “domino effect” that leads to progressive musculoskeletal imbalance as well as the associated arthritic complications.

Osteoarthritis (degenerative arthritis) has a tendency to cause pain on a daily basis and is progressive. Over time, it can wreck your posture (giving you a slumped or humped back appearance), limit your pain-free range of motion, and make it tough to participate in many pleasurable activities.

Osteoarthritis entails the discs and other tissues of your spine and leads to progressive symptoms including chronic stiffness, pain, failure to carry out simple tasks easily, consisting of walking, sitting, sleeping, and\/or moving the joints in your arms and legs. Also simply turning your head to one side or the other can be extremely painful, or even impossible.

Leg Pain After Car Accident